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How To Address Chronic Kidney Disease In Dogs

Kidney failure can be caused by a number of diseases that may affect the kidneys and related organs. Healthy kidneys regulate hydration, maintain a normal electrolyte balance, release hormones needed to produce red blood cells, and remove toxins.

In dogs, there are two broad categories of this condition:

Chronic Renal Failure - When the kidneys lose function gradually (over a period of years). It’s most commonly caused by degeneration related to old age.

Acute Renal FailureKidney function may suddenly decrease within hours or days.

Common causes of kidney failure : 

Congenital Disease: This category is comprised of hereditary conditions and underlying illnesses 

Dental Disease: Advanced dental disease can result from the buildup of bacteria on teeth and gums. 

Bacterial Infections: Drinking or swimming in contaminated water is a hazard, as the system becomes susceptible to bacterial infections including leptospirosis.

Toxicosis: This can happen if your dog consumes drugs or poisons 

Some common symptoms to look out for:

  • Bloody urine
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Lack of appetites
  • Increased thirst

Treatment Options

If your dog has been diagnosed with chronic renal failure, this is what you can expect to happen next:

Medication: Medications and supplements that lower blood pressure, raise potassium levels, lower phosphorous levels, promote kidney function

Diet: Special diets that promote kidney function and reduce the biochemical abnormalities in the body that result from renal failure are often prescribed.

Surgery: In rare cases, a kidney transplant may be considered.

After your dog has been definitively diagnosed with chronic renal failure, your veterinarian will determine whether hospitalization to initiate treatment is required

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